Witnesses or victims, users and staff of public higher education and research institutions can be confronted with harassment, sexist, sexual and LGBTphobic violence. The current health context can become an aggravating factor. Aix Marseille University confirms its commitment to the fight against harassment and violence through its listening, help and guidance service, which you can contact by e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
1. The Aix Marseille University system
Since 2016, Aix Marseille University has set up a system dedicated to listening, help and guidance.
Contact by email email@example.com or by phone 04.13.550.550.
Due to the health crisis, it is preferable to use theemail address to contact the system.
In case of emergency, contact the following numbers
- 17 : police and gendarmerie
- 112: single European number to access emergency services
- 15: medical emergencies 24/24 (SAMU)
- 18: fire brigade
- 114: emergency number for the deaf or hard of hearing
3919 number National information and guidance hotline for women victims of gender-based and sexual violence. From 28 June 2021, this free and anonymous number will be accessible 24 hours a day from Monday to Friday, and from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. at weekends. The Ministry of Equality between Women and Men announces that before the end of August, the time slots will be fully extended: 24 hours a day and 7 days a week.
On 18 March 2021, a round table on 'Harassment and violence' was held by videoconference with the participation of
- Geneviève CASILE-HUGUES - M/C HDR in private law and criminal sciences and referent of the AMU system against harassment and violence
- Sophie SERENO - M/C Faculty of Law and Political Science / Social Law Centre / AMU
- Yolande ESKENAZI - Head of the regional pole of the Defender of Rights
This event gathered more than 100 people who answered several surveys during the exchanges.
One of the strong points of this meeting was to show the importance of defining the various forms that harassment and violence can take as well as the sanctions incurred. Before the definitions and examples presented, 39% of the audience surveyed considered that they had been a victim or witness; this percentage rose to 67% after the presentation.
Watch the video of the 18 March round table below
Aix-Marseille University (AMU) follows CNIL guidelines
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2. Violence against women
Violence against women refers to "all acts of gender-based violence that result in, or are likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life." (Source: Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women, UN General Assembly Resolution 48/104 of 20 December 1993)
The government's React can change everything campaign aims to mobilise the whole of French society because everyone is concerned and should feel concerned. And more particularly those around them, more or less close, and potential witnesses: they can be family, friends, colleagues, people exposed to a scene of violence and/or having had knowledge of violence. Watch two of the videos of this campaign:
Gender-based and sexual violence in the private sphere
Sexist and sexual violence in the professional sphere
Here are exactly 10 ways to make a difference, safely and with the right impact. Take Action: 10 ways to take action to end violence against women, even during a pandemic
We recommend that you consult the following publications (in PDF on the right)
- COVID-19 and Violence Against Women(World Health Organization 2020)
- Conjugal violence during confinement: evaluation, monitoring and proposals Report of the MIPROF ( interministerial mission for the protection of women against violence and the fight against human trafficking)
3. Definition of sexual harassment
Defined, as well as the penalties incurred, by Art. 222-33 of the Penal Code, Art. L.1153-1 of the Labour Code and article 6 ter of Act No. 83-634 of 13 July 1983, sexual harassment is an offence punishable by two years' imprisonment and a fine of 30,000 euros; the penalties are increased to three years' imprisonment and a fine of 45,000 euros when the acts are committed by a hierarchical superior, on a minor of 15 years of age or less, on a vulnerable person, or by several persons. Under Article 6 ter of Law No. 83-634 of 13 July 1983, on the rights and obligations of civil servants, as amended by the Law of 6 August 2012, sexual harassment is thus doubly defined:
- "The fact of repeatedly imposing comments or behaviour with a sexual connotation that undermine dignity because of their degrading or humiliating nature, or create an intimidating, hostile or offensive situation". For example: sexist or obscene comments or writings, inappropriate gestures, provocation, insults, sending of pornographic images, etc. »
- "The fact, even if not repeated, of using serious pressure with the real or apparent aim of obtaining an act of a sexual nature, whether this is sought for the benefit of the perpetrator or for a third party. For example: sexual blackmail, solicitation of a sexual act in return for employment, etc. »
Sexual harassment therefore refers to various behaviours (words, attitudes, gestures, writings, etc.) with a sexual connotation that are repeatedly imposed on a person. In its circular of 7 August 2012 (CRIM 2012-15/E8 - 7-8-2012), the Ministry of Justice thus insists on the fact that the victim's non-consent, which is at the heart of the definition, is not understood as necessarily having to be spelled out by the victim but may also "result from the context in which the acts were committed, a cluster of clues thus being able to lead the judge to retain an objective situation of absence of consent". The second part of the text, which assimilates to sexual harassment even unrepeated acts with the aim of obtaining a sexual act, aims to condemn what is commonly called "sexual blackmail". Finally, it should be noted that the law of August 6, 2012 also punishes discrimination that may exist following the reporting of sexual harassment. Thus, Article 3 of the law created Article 225-1-1 of the Criminal Code, specifying that "any distinction made between persons because they have suffered or refused to suffer acts of sexual harassment as defined in Article 222-33 or testified to such acts constitutes discrimination, including, in the case mentioned in I of the same article, if the comments or behaviour have not been repeated".
- Stop Sexual Harassment
- Stop Violence Against Women and Telephone helpline (7 days a week) : 3919
- Fight against homophobia: single MENESR portal (students/staff)
- Ligne Azur and a telephone helpline (7 days a week from 8am to 11pm): 0 810 20 30 40 and 01.58.91.12.92
- National associations to combat violence against women
- CLASCHES Collective against sexual harassment in higher education
- Near youAssociations against violence against women