Plagiarism, according to the dictionary Le Petit Robert: "to copy[an author] by unduly attributing to himself passages from his work".
Synonyms = copy, counterfeit, imitate, loot, borrow, reproduce, steal etc....
It is therefore a question, consciously or not, of appropriating the production of others, in whole or in part, and presenting it as one's own, without citing its sources.
Plagiarism can take many forms:
- The famous ctrl C / ctrl V or "copy and paste"
- The no less famous paraphrase: reformulate original ideas, in your own words
- Self-plagiarism, the fact of using one's own work done previously but without quoting it
And plagiarism can concern any type of original work:
- A text, the translation of a text
- An image, a photograph, a painting, a graphic...
- Figures and figures
- A course for which the teacher has not given permission for citation
The bad news is that plagiarism is serious in terms of ethics and punishable by law. The good news is that this guide is intended to make you aware of the issue and to help you acquire good practices to cite your sources, THE only way to protect yourself from plagiarism.
Charter for the fight against plagiarism
The University of Aix-Marseille adopted, on 27 November 2012, a Charter on the fight against plagiarism in university work: theses, dissertations, articles, course materials, etc.
In its Article 1, paragraph 3, the Charter states:
"Plagiarism is both the most serious violation of academic ethics and an act of counterfeiting. It is a crime within the meaning of Article L 335-2 of the Intellectual Property Code."
It adds, article 5:
"Alleged cases of plagiarism shall be prosecuted by the University before the competent authorities, and the perpetrators shall be liable to disciplinary sanctions.
Such violations of intellectual property rights may also result in legal proceedings."
To fight against plagiarism, the University of Aix-Marseille has acquired software from the anti-plagiarism software URKUND, "a fully automated system to fight against plagiarism. The Urkund system checks all documents against three main sources: (1) Internet, (2) publications, (3) and documents previously submitted by students (such as theses, case studies and examination papers (thesis/dissertations)".
Publication and bibliometrics
Open Archive and Online Thesis